Journals-Beads 26-2014

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Beads 26 (2014)

Historical Descriptions of Malay “Beadwork,” by Hwei-Fen Cheah
Little has been published in English about Malay ceremonial textiles. This article relates early-20th-century beaded examples to historical descriptions and court literature to illustrate the link between beaded and bejeweled hangings.

Glass Beads from Jar Burials of the 15th-17th Centuries in the Cardamom Mountains of Cambodia, by Alison Carter and Nancy Beavan
A variety of glass beads were encountered in jar burials dating to the 15th-17th centuries found on rock ledges in remote portions of the Cardamom Mountains in southern Cambodia. These burials represent a mortuary ritual in which defleshed bones, often from multiple individuals, were deposited in large ceramic jars predominantly from Thai kilns. The identification of different compositional types of glass beads can be related to possible trade networks with the lowlands and maritime Southeast Asia. Using ethnographic analogies with other upland communities in Southeast Asia, the authors also propose that the placement of beads in the jar burials may have been an important part of the mortuary ritual of the Cardamom Mountain people.

Shell and Glass Beads from the Tombs of Kindoki, Mbanza Nsundi, Lower Congo, by Charlotte Verhaeghe, Bernard-Olivier Clist, Chantal Fontaine, Karlis Karklins, Koen Bostoen, and Wim De Clercq
Among the most important grave goods in the Kingdom of Kongo were shell and glass beads. They occur in many tombs and symbolize wealth, status, or femininity. At the burial site of Kindoki, linked with the former capital of Kongo’s Nsundi province, a great number of shell and glass beads were found together with symbols of power in tombs attributed to the first half of the 19th century. Determining the origin of these beads and their use in the Kongo Kingdom leads to interesting insights into the social and economic organization of the old Bakongo society, their beliefs, and the symbolic meaning of the beads.

Archaeometrical Analysis of Glass Beads: Potential, Limitations, and Results, by Adelphine Bonneau, Jean-François Moreau, Ron G.V. Hancock, and Karlis Karklins
Over the past few decades, several new analytical techniques have been used to determine the composition and the likely production centers of glass beads found at archaeological sites around the world. This article reviews the most common analytical techniques used to study glass beads – optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), x-ray fluorescence (XRF), instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA), laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS), and Raman spectroscopy – and discusses their potential, limitations, and what results may be expected.

Glass Beads from Champlain’s Habitation on Saint Croix Island, Maine, 1604-1613, by James W. Bradley
One of the earliest French attempts at settlement in northeastern North America occurred on a small island in the St. Croix River along the Maine/New Brunswick border. Built under the auspices of Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons, and his young lieutenant, Samuel de Champlain, this settlement barely survived the winter of 1604-1605 and was abandoned the following summer. Given its clear historical association and brief occupation, the glass beads from St. Croix Island are an important archaeological marker for reconstructing French influence during the first decades of the 17th century. Current evidence suggests that many, and perhaps most, of these beads were produced at the Carel-Soop glasshouse in Amsterdam (1601-1624) and are a material expression of the culturally diverse partnerships that sponsored many of the early-17th-century voyages to Terra Nova.

From the Past (1854): A Chapter on Necklaces, Old and New, by Mrs. White
Originally published in Godey’s Magazine and Lady’s Book in 1854 (pp. 213-216), this article presents a brief history of necklaces among the classic Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans, as well as the British, from the perspective of an educated English lady. It is an instructive early study of strung adornments based on antiquarian, historical, and literary sources.

Book, Video and DVD Reviews in Volume 25
Floral Journey: Native North American Beadwork, by Lois Sherr Dubin, reviewed by Alice Scherer • World on a String: A Companion for Bead Lovers, by Diana Friedberg, reviewed by Lois Rose Rose.